Connecting ideas between and within sentences
Connecting ideas between and within sentences
I Sequence
I1 Speak about events that happened
The following adverbs are used to speak about events that happened
one after the other .
Rule
The adverbs below are used to connect ideas
between sentences :
soon, then, afterwards, after that, before, that, subsequently.
Eg
 He picked me up. Afterwards we went shopping.
 He picked me up and afterwards we went shopping.
Rule
The adverbs below are used to connect ideas
within sentences:
after, before, as soon as, since, as
Eg
 He came after preparing dinner. He came after dinner.
 Before going to the market please call your grandmother.
 As soon as he left we opened the box of chocolates.
 Going to Paris was the nicest holiday we have had since the last time I saw you.
 His eyes slowly opened wide as he was reading the letter.
I2 Speak about events that happened the same time.
The following adverbs are used to speak about events that happened
at the same time .
Rule
The adverbs below are used to connect ideas
between sentences :
meanwhile, at the same time, at that time
Eg
We could go skiikng at Christmas.
At the same time / Meanwhile we could visit your uncle.
Rule
The adverbs below are used to connect ideas
within sentences :
while, as, whenever
Eg
While / As / When I was waiting I read a magazine.
II Contrast
Rule
To connect ideas
between sentences, the following adverbs can be used:
however, nevertheless, on the other hand, otherwise, though, still, all the same.
Eg
The more he talked the more silent Mary became. However he thought she had been interested.
Rule
To connect ideas
within sentences the following adverbs can be used:
although, though, even though, yet, while, in spite of / despite +noun,
in spite of / despite+noun or despite+verb(ing).
Eg
 She wore a fur coat (even) though it was summer.
 Despite/In spite of our late order we recieved the computer in time.
 Despite/In spite of his coming late we managed to catch the train.
 They constantly criticise the government, yet they have all sorts of financial advantages.
III Cause and consequence
Rule
To connect ideas
between sentences the following adverbs can be used:
therefore, consequently, as a result, so, as a consequence, because of this,
that's the reason why
Eg
Prices have gone up. Therefore we cannot afford to go on holiday this year.
Rule
To connect ideas
within sentences the following adverbs can be used:

consequence:
lead to, result in, so, bring about, give rise to,
account for, be responsible for

cause
because, since, because of+noun/verb(ing), owing to+ noun/verb(ing), due to+noun/verb(ing),
on account of+noun/verb(ing).
Eg
 He failed his exam since / because / as he was often ill.
 Due to / Owing to high inflation prices have rocketed.
IV Other text organisers
The words/expressions below are used to structuring a piece of text.

Adding more information.
furthermore, moreover, in addition to this, besides, as well as
Eg
I'm not inviting my cousin  I don't like him. Besides , he didn't invite me to his party.

Giving opinions
Personally, in my opinion / view...

Giving examples
for example, namely, that is to say (i.e. in writing), for instance, such as
Eg
The factory produces electrical goods, such as food mixers.

Summing up
in conclusion, to sum up, lastly, finally, to conclude
V Exercises

A  Linkwords

B  Linkwords

C  Linkwords: text organisers
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